Scott Going, PhD

Professor Emeritus

School of Nutritional Sciences and Wellness

*Dr. Going is no longer accepting students


  • PhD, Exercise Physiology, University of Illinois
  • MS, Exercise Physiology, University of Illinois
  • BS, Physical Education, Health Education Minor, University of Maine

Dr. Going is an expert in models and methods for assessment of changes in body composition during growth, and with aging. He is currently investigating the effects of chronic exercise versus hormone replacement therapy on bone, soft tissue composition and muscle strength in postmenopausal women and the role of exercise in obesity prevention in children.

Current projects Include:

Exercise, Hormone Replacement Therapy, Blood Lipids and Lipoproteins, a randomized prospective study of the effects of exercise and hormone replacement therapy on body fat and fat-free mass, blood lipids and lipoproteins in postmenopausal women (PI, funded by Arizona Affiliate of the American Heart Association).

The Bone, Estrogen, and Strength Training (BEST) study, a randomized prospective study of the effects of exercise and hormone replacement therapy on bone mineral density, soft tissue composition and muscle strength in postmenopausal women (Co-PI, funded by National Institutes of Health).

Women's Health Initiative: Vanguard Clinical Center, a prospective observation and intervention study of diet and hormone replacement therapy on chronic disease in women. The University of Arizona is one of three bone centers nationwide for the WHI. Dr. Going is responsible for quality control of DXA screening for bone mineral density assessments (co-investigator, funded by NIH).

Wise Women Walking Exercise Intervention Study - Phoenix, AZ, an ancillary study to the State of Arizona Well Woman Health Check, designed to assess the effects of aerobic exercise on body weight and composition, blood pressure, and blood lipids in middle-aged women (funded by Centers for Disease Control and Arizona Department of Health Services).

Wise Women Activity Intervention - Tucson, AZ, a randomized trial of exercise compliance and health outcomes with three levels of support based on the patient-provider model and social support theory conducted as an ancillary study to the State of Arizona Well Woman Health Check (funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Arizona Department of Health Services.
In addition to these projects, Dr. Going provides expertise in body composition assessment for the IRAS and CARDIA studies, long running multisite studies of CVD risk factors in adolescents and adults. He is also a consultant to studies at The University of Alabama at Birmingham (Obesity Prevention in Adolescent Girls) and Kaiser Permenente, Portland, Oregon (Exercise for Bone Mineral Density in Adolescent Girls) and he provides expertise in physical activity/exercise intervention for the Yuma on the Move project in Yuma, Arizona. He is the Co-PI (PI, T.G. Lohman) for (Trail of Activity for Adolescent Girls), NIH, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.

Peer-Review Publications from Research

  • Effects of exercise on bone mineral density in calcium-supplemented postmenopausal women with and without hormone replacement therapy. Going SB, Lohman TL, Houtkooper LB, Metcalfe L, Flint-Wagner H, Blew R, Stanford V, Cussler E and Weber, J. Osteo International, 14:637-643, 2003. Published.
  • The effects of the Pathways Obesity Prevention Program on physical activity in American Indian children. Going SB, Thompson J, Cano S, Stewart D, Stone E, Harnack L, Hastings C, Norman J and Corbin C. Prev Med 37 Suppl 1: S62-69, 2003. Published.
  • Dietary Iron is associated with bone mineral density in healthy postmenopausal women. Harris MM, Houtkooper LB, Stanford VA, Parkhill C, Weber JL, Flint-Wagner H, Weiss L, Going SB and Lohman TG. J Nutr 133: 3598-3602, 2003. Published.
  • Effects of Exercise Training and Hormone Replacement Therapy on Lean and Fat Mass in Postmenopausal Women. Figueroa A, Going SB, Milliken LA, Blew R, Sharp S, Teixeira PJ, Lohman TG. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 58A(3):M266-M270, 2003. Published.
  • Effects Of Exercise Training On Bone Remodeling, Insulin-Like Growth Factors And Bone Mineral Density In PostMenopausal Women With And Without Hormone Replacement Therapy. Milliken LA, Going SB, Houtkooper LB, Flint-Wagner, HG, Figueroa A, Metcalfe L, Blew RM, Sharp SC and Lohman TG. Calcif Tissue Int, 72(4): p. 478-84, 2003. Published.
  • Resistance training in postmenopausal women with and without hormone replacement therapy. Teixeira PJ, Going SB, Houtkooper L, Metcalfe L, Blew RM, Cussler EC, Sardinha LB and Lohman TG. MSSE 35(4), 555-562, 2003. Published.
  • Body composition and overweight prevalence in 1704 school children from 7 American Indian communities. Caballero, B, Himes JH, Lohman T, Davis SM, Stevens J, Evans M, Going SB and Pablo J. Am J Clin Nutr. 78:308-312, 2003. Published.
  • Weight lifted in strength training predicts bone change in postmenopausal women. Cussler, E.C., Lohman, T.G., Going, SB, Houtkooper, L.B., Metcalfe, L.L., Flint-Wagner, H.G., Harris, R.B., and Teixeira, P.J. MSSE, 35(1), 10-17, 2003. Published.
  • Indices of changes in adiposity in American Indian children. Lohman T, Thompson J, Going, SB, Himes JH, Caballero B, Norman J, Cano S, and Ring K. Prev Med 37 Suppl 1: S91-96, 2003. Published.
  • Cholesteryl ester transfer protein and lecithin: cholesterol Acyltransferase activities in Hispanic and Anglo postmenopausal women: associations with total and regional body fat. Greaves KA, Going SB, Fernandez ML, Milliken LA, Lohman TG, Bassford T and McNamara DJ. Metabolism, 52(3), 282-289, 2003. Published.
  • Physical Activity and Body Composition in Second Grade American Indian Children. Going SB, Stone E, Thompson J, Cano S, Stewart D, Suchindran C, Corbin C, Becenti A, Harrell J, Norman J, Harnack L and Cornell C. MSSE. Submitted.
  • Depression and Bone Loss: A prospective study in postmenopausal women. Milliken L, Wilhelmy J, Martin C, Finkenthal N, Cussler E, Metcalfe L, Going SB and Lohman T. JAMA. Submitted.
  • Defining accelerometer thresholds for physical activity intensities in adolescent girls. Treuth MS, Schmitz K, Catellier DJ, McMurray RG, Murray DM, Joao Almeida M, Going SB, Norman JE and Pate R. MSSE. Approved.